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The common vision of the governments at all levels in Bosnia and Herzegovina is a prosperous, economically and institutionally developed, socially equitable country, of equal opportunities for all its citizens with developed infrastructure, knowledge-based society, where natural and other resources are used efficiently, environment is protected, and rich diversity is taken care of.
As a response to development challenges, during the consultations with stakeholders under the auspices of the UN, held in May and December 2018, the elements of vision and three broader development pathways in Bosnia and Herzegovina were determined. Those pathways that have a big number of important mutual links, reflect the development situation and priorities in BiH. As such, the development pathways determine the key accelerators – development policies or broader interventions, which have to contribute to achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals, and within each accelerator the individual drivers are defined, which resolve challenges and contribute to achieving desired changes by 2030.
Good governance and public sector management, in order to create an accountable, transparent, efficient and effective public sector, which can ensure rule of law. The specific priorities include enhancing the process of policy design and coordination, delivering better services for citizens and business community, enhancing financial resource management, public enterprise reforms, reducing corruption, and ensuring a more functional judiciary system.
Smart growth which aims to ensure transformation of innovative and productive ideas in products and services which may lead to creating highly qualified and highly paid jobs, leading toward larger productivity, accelerated growth while preserving natural capital and reducing inequality in the society. This pathway implies entrepreneurship development, industrial policies and transformations in key sectors, proactive promotion of innovative capacities and productivity by incentivizing companies which achieve rapid growth, as well as creating an innovative sector, as an essential condition for ensuring prosperity resulting primarily from creating highly-paid jobs.
Engaging people in entrepreneurship, enhancing framework conditions and access to finance for research and innovations, enhancing knowledge and skills for production of high value products and services will ensure high growth and reduction of non-compliance with high income countries. The focus of this development pathway is sustainable economic growth, meaning smart management of natural resources by using clean energy (green growth), stronger resilience to natural disasters, in order to eventually create a more equitable society and to reduce inequality.
Society of equal opportunities, in order to realize the “Leave no one behind” principle and the goal for achieving gender equality. In addition to the administration reform as well as rapid income growth and employment, it implies enhancing the social protection system at all levels in BiH, as well as enhancing access to education, training and labor market, in order to better protect those who are facing the highest risk of poverty and social needs (e.g. the elderly, children and adults with disabilities, inhabitants in remote rural areas, ethnic minorities and certain groups of women and children), and to improve social cohesion as well. At the same time, rights-based approach to healthcare implies that health policies and programs must include as a priority the needs of those who are most excluded in order to ensure a higher degree of equality, which is the principle reiterated in recently adopted Agenda 2030 for sustainable development, and universal health coverage.